First off, you’re going to need a couple of things:
- The version of simh that’s available at Richard Cornwell’s fork (https://github.com/rcornwell/sims).
- A working C compiler (like GCC, we’re using Linux as an example).
- The tape images from the PDP-10 GitHub page (https://github.com/PDP-10/panda) and the TOPS-20 7.0 install tape, BB-H137F-BM (available from http://pdp-10.trailing-edge.com/tapes/bb-h137f-bm.tap.bz2 or http://bitsavers.org/bits/DEC/pdp10/magtape/dec_distribs/TOPS-20/BB-H137F-BM.tap.gz).
- The following configuration file seems to work (copy the following block and paste it into your editor of choice):
set console wru=034
set cpu kl10b 4096k
set cty rsx20
set tua rh20
set rpa rh20
set rpa0 rp07
set rpb rh20
set tua0 lock
at tua0 -f e11 bb-h137f-bm.tap
at rpa0 panda.rp
load -c mtboot.exb
With all of that out of the way, we’re largely going to be following the TOPS-20 Model KL10B Installation Guide for the first part of the installation. Build simh and copy the binaries in the BIN/ folder to someplace within your PATH. Type in pdp10-kl and then go at the sim> prompt and it should present to you with this:
Type in /L and /G143 at MTBOOT to bring up the disk formatter:
[BOOT: Loading] [OK]
The disk formatter instructions should be as follows:
[FOR ADDITIONAL INFORMATION TYPE "?" TO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS.]
DO YOU WANT TO REPLACE THE FILE SYSTEM ON THE SYSTEM STRUCTURE? Y
DO YOU WANT TO DEFINE THE SYSTEM STRUCTURE? Y
HOW MANY PACKS ARE IN THIS STRUCTURE:
ON WHICH "CHANNEL,CONTROLLER,UNIT" IS LOGICAL PACK # 0 MOUNTED? 0,-1,0
DO YOU WANT THE DEFAULT SWAPPING SPACE? Y
DO YOU WANT THE DEFAULT SIZE FRONT END FILE SYSTEM? Y
DO YOU WANT THE DEFAULT SIZE BOOTSTRAP AREA? Y
DO YOU WANT TO ENABLE PASSWORD ENCRYPTION FOR THE SYSTEM STRUCTURE? N
WHAT IS THE NAME OF THIS STRUCTURE? PS
[STRUCTURE "PS" SUCCESSFULLY DEFINED]
At this point, TOPS-20 will bring up some messages that we don’t need to worry about. When RUNNING DDMP appears, hit Ctl-C to bring up the basic monitor prompt. And then do then type G MTA0: twice at the MX prompt.
MX>GET FILE MTA0:
MX>GET FILE MTA0:
Wait a minute or two and it type S at the MX> prompt:
We should be presented with this (ignore all BUGCHK messages):
TOPS-20 Command processor 7(4143)
Type in ENA, run MTA0: and LOAD MTA0:, and then exit:
And then start DUMPER:
Here’s where we break from the manual. All we needed to do was get DUMPER running since what we’re doing is restoring a disk image. Hit Ctl-\ to bring up the simh prompt and type:
sim> at tua0 panda.tap
We now have returned to DUMPER and type the following after the DUMPER> prompt:
DUMPER>RESTORE TOPS20:<*>*.*.* PS:<*>*.*.*
What we told it to do was to use MTA0: as a tape drive, rewind the image, keep the permissions from the tape image, create directories while restoring, print out the files it’s restoring, and restore to the disk image from the tape image.
This may take awhile. Come back after a few hours.
Testing the restored image
At the DUMPER> prompt, type EXIT to return to the monitor:
You can check the disk image here by typing DIR PS:<*>*.* but it’s not really needed either.
Type in the following to start shutting down the monitor, Ctl-E CEASE NOW and type enter to confirm:
You should see something like this message when it’s shut down:
OPERATOR - Wait for the message "Shutdown complete" before
entering commands to PARSER.
Killed Job 1, User OPERATOR, Account OPERATOR, TTY 205,
at 21-Feb-2020 09:30:32, Used 0:01:46 in 7:04:22
Halt the simulated front end by typing in set cty stop and then go:
sim> set cty stop
Clear the simulator’ “memory” and load in the disk bootstrap:
sim> d 0-77777 0
sim> load -c boot.exb
You should be presented with the following prompt:
Hit ENTER, and a spew of messages will appear. Type in login operator dec-20 to log into the system prompt.
Use ^ECEASE NOW again to bring down the system. Any changes that need to be made while the monitor is running standalone should be loaded at the BOOT> prompt with the following:
And that should be all for now. I will update this page for Ethernet when I figure that out.